ΤΣΑΜΟΥΡΙΑ ΘΕΛΕΤΕ ΑΠΛΥΤΟΙ ?


Η ΜΕΓΑΛΗ ΑΛΒΑΝΙΑ

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Οι Τσάμηδες έχουν ιδρύσει στην Αλβανία τον «Σύνδεσμο της Τσαμουριάς», μιά 100μελή άτυπη βουλή.

Ο Σύνδεσμος αυτός έγινε μέλος της «οργάνωσης υπο-αντιπροσωπευμένων λαών» του ΟΗΕ το 1995, μια ενέργεια στην οποία ούτε καν αντέδρασε η τότε ελληνική κυβέρνηση.

Στην Αλβανία οι Τσάμηδες έχουν ιδιαίτερη δυναμική μαζί με τους Κοσοβάρους.

Και αυτό γιατί από τους Αλβανούς, θεωρούνται εκπρόσωποι των «σκλαβωμένων» πατρίδων (Κόσοβο - Τσαμουριά). Αξίζει να σημειωθεί στις 30 Ιουνίου 1994 η αλβανική βουλή καθιέρωσε ομόφωνα την 27 Ιουνίου ως ημέρα «γενοκτονίας» των Τσάμηδων από τους Έλληνες.

Ο UCC εκτιμάται ότι ελέγχεται άμεσα από τον UCK. Το αρχηγείο του UCC, είναι στη νότιο Αλβανία, όπου έχουν εγκαταστήσει την έδρα τους οι Τσάμηδες αντάρτες, οργανωμένοι στα πρότυπα του UCK.

Η δύναμη τους υπολογίζεται σε 5.000 ένοπλους, πανέτοιμους να αναλάβουν δράση με σαμποτάζ και ανταρτοπόλεμο εντός της Ελλάδος, αμέσως μετά την ανεξαρτητοποίηση του Κοσόβου.

Γνωστοί πολιτικοί (ο πρώην υπουργός Εθνικής Άμυνας Άκης Τσοχατζόπουλος, ο νυν πρόεδρος της Δημοκρατίας Καρ. Παπούλιας και άλλοι), έχουν ότι η Θεσπρωτία αποτελεί τον 3ο στόχο του UCK, μετά το Κόσσοβο και τα Σκόπια.

Αξιόπιστη πληροφορία, αναφέρει ότι έχουν γίνει αντιληπτά έως σήμερα 30 έως 40 άτομα στην βορειοδυτική Ελλάδα, αλβανικής εθνικότητας, για τα οποία υπάρχουν υποψίες ότι είναι στελέχη-πράκτορες του UCC.

Μόνο στην περιοχή της Ηπείρου και σε διάστημα 12 μόνο μηνών, ανακαλύφθηκαν από τις ελληνικές υπηρεσίες ασφαλείας περισσότερα από 1.000 καλάσνικοφ, 200 πιστόλια και πολλές σφαίρες, που οι Αλβανοί «συμπτωματικά» εισάγουν σε αυτό το μέρος της Ελλάδας. Aπόρρητες πληροφορίες λένε ότι αποθήκες με βαρύ οπλισμό του UCK και του UCC υπάρχουν διάσπαρτες στις παρυφές της Αθήνας, και σε μυστικά σημεία της βόρειας Ελλάδας.

Όσοι Αλβανοί νέοι εντάσσονται στον UCC, λαμβάνουν το ποσό των 15.000 ευρώ από τις αλβανικές μυστικές υπηρεσίες.

Αυτές στέλνουν Αλβανούς να καταφύγουν στην Ελλάδα για να βρουν δουλειά και να κινήσουν όλες τις νόμιμες διαδικασίες για να πάρουν άδεια παραμονής.

Θυμίζουμε το περιβόητο άρθρο του γερμανικού περιοδικού «Der Spiegel» (nr. 46 / 10.11.2003) με τίτλο «Η εξέγερση των Σκιπετάρων: Αλβανοί εξτρεμιστές σχεδιάζουν ένοπλο αγώνα στη Βόρεια Ελλάδα με στόχο τη δημιουργία Μεγάλης Αλβανίας».

Σύμφωνα με πηγές του περιοδικού ο UCC, με καθοδήγηση του UCK, είχε θέσει ως στόχο να στήσει μέχρι την άνοιξη και πριν από τους Ολυμπιακούς Αγώνες του 2004 ένα δίκτυο έτοιμο για ένοπλη δράση σε χωριά της Βόρειας Ελλάδας όπου ζουν Αλβανοί.

Αν η Ελλάδα δώσει στις ΗΠΑ δείγματα «κακού παιδιού», αν επιχειρήσει φιλορωσικά ανοίγματα ή αντιδράσει σθεναρά στο ανεξάρτητο Κόσοβο, o UCC θα είναι ένα ακόμα όπλο των Αμερικανών για να δημιουργήσουν μειονοτικό πρόβλημα και ταραχές μέσα στην Ελλάδα.

Σύμφωνα με απόρρητα στοιχεία είναι απόλυτα σίγουρο πως:

  • Ο UCC δημιουργήθηκε και εξοπλίζεται από τον UCK.
  • Ο οπλισμός του έρχεται κυρίως από Κροατία, Βοσνία και Αλβανία.
  • Τα χρήματα φτάνουν από Σαουδική Αραβία, την ίδια την Αλβανία, μέσω Ελβετίας (μαύρο χρήμα) και Αλβανούς της Αμερικής.
  • O UCC ελέγχεται πλήρως από τις αμερικανικές υπηρεσίες.
  • Έχει ήδη συγκεντρώσει οπλισμό σε δεκάδες κρυφά σημεία σε όλη την βόρεια Ελλάδα.
  • Στρατολογεί μέλη από το 1.500.000 Αλβανούς που ζουν στην Ελλάδα, αλλά οι «επαγγελματίες» και τα ηγετικά στελέχη είναι Αλβανοί από το Κόσσοβο.
  • ALBANIAN PROPAGANDA


Το άρθρο δημοσιεύθηκε στο φύλλο της 5ης Ιανουαρίου 2007 της εβδομαδιαίας εφημερίδας Ελεύθερος Κόσμος.



Δικαιούται και επιβάλλεται η αναδημοσίευση του παρόντος άρθρου, με την προϋπόθεση να υπάρχει η παρακάτω σημείωση:


http://papaflesas.pblogs.gr/

http://thraki-greece.pblogs.gr/


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albanian propaganda

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Σ Π Ε Ρ Μ Α Φ Ι Δ Ι Ο ΥΗ πατρότητα του Αλεξάνδρου - Ισκαντάρ διεκδικείται σήμερα από Ελλάδα και Δημοκρατία Μακεδονίας. Ταυτόχρονα προβάλλεται σαν εθνικός ήρωας των Αλβανών. Τόσον η μητέρα του Μυρτάλη (μετονομάσθηκε από τον Φίλιππο σε Ολυμπιάδα) όσο και η γιαγιά του Ευριδίκη (μητέρα του Φιλίππου) ανήκαν στην Ιλλυρική φυλή. Το όνομα Αλέξανδρος ετυμολογείται από τις Αλβανικές λέξεις Α - Λε - Σι - Αντερ που σημαίνουν "Γενημμένος σαν όνειρο".Το σημερινό Αλβανικό νόμισμα ΛΕΚ σημαίνει Αλέξανδρος. Το γεγονός ότι ο Αλέξανδρος μετά το διαζύγιο της μητέρας του με τον Φίλιππο κατέφυγε στο βασίλειο των Ιλλύριων και όχι των Ηπειρωτών όπως έκανε η Ολυμπιάδα, αποδεικνύει πως αισθανόταν Ιλλύριος.Η μητέρα του είχε ονειρευθή τον Αιγύπτιο Θεό Αμμωνα Ρα ο οποίος με μορφή φιδιού εισχώρησε στην μητρα της και την γονιμοποίησε. Η Ολυμπιάδα λάτρευε τα φίδια και κοιμόταν μαζί τους. Ο Φίλιππος είχε ονειρευθή ότι η μήτρα της Ολυμπιάδας φρουρείτο από ένα λεοντάρι. Ο Αλέξανδρος δεν θεωρούσε τον Φίλιππο πατέρα του. Η Ολυμπιάδα του είχε αποκαλύψει πως πραγματικός του πατέρας ήταν ο υπέρτατος Θεός της Αιγύπτου Αμμων Ρα.

Σφάλμα #1 Η πατρότητα του Μέγα Αλέξανδρου είναι Ελληνική και διεκδικείται απο την FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) όπως επίσημα λέγεται απο τον ΟΗΕ (βλέπε Μέλη του ΟΗΕ) και εν μέρει απο τους Αλβανούς.

Σφάλμα #2 Η μητέρα του Μέγα Αλέξανδρου Ολυμπιάδα, λεγόταν όπως μας λέει ο έγκριτος ιστορικός Waldemar Heckel "Πολυξένη όταν ήταν παιδί, Μυρτάλη όταν παντρεύτηκε, και αργότερα μετονομάστηκε Ολυμπιάδα και Στρατονίκη". Ο βασιλικός οίκος των Μολοσσών ήταν Ελληνικός καθώς οι ίδιοι θεωρούσαν τους εαυτούς τους Έλληνες και οι υπόλοιποι Έλληνες τους θεωρούσαν το ίδιο.

Σφάλμα #3 Η μητέρα του Φίλιππου Ευρυδίκη ήταν μέλος του βασιλικού οίκου των Λυγκηστών, ενός ακόμα Ελληνικού βασιλικού οίκου, προερχόμενου απο τους Βακχιάδες της Κορίνθου. Υπάρχει μια θεωρία ότι ο πατέρας της μπορεί να ήταν Ιλλυριός αλλά παραμένει θεωρία. (Για περισσότερα βλέπε Καπετανόπουλο Σίρρας και Ευριδίκη)

Σφάλμα #4 Το όνομα του Αλέξανδρου προέρχεται απο το αρχαίο ρήμα Αλέξω το οποίο σημαίνει "υπερασπίζομαι" + Ανδρός "τους άνδρες" όπως βεβαιώνεται άλλωστε απο τό σύνολο της ιστορικής κοινότητας.

Σφάλμα #5 Το γεγονός ότι ο Αλέξανδρος πήγε στους Ιλλυριούς δεν σημαίνει τίποτα άλλο παρά το ότι την προκείμενη στιγμή ο Αλέξανδρος έψαχνε για συμμάχους ανάμεσα στους Ιλλυριούς. Ο ισχυρισμός του προπαγανδιστή παραπέμπει σε δείγμα φαιδρότητας εκ μέρους του η ίσως και ηλιθιότητας. Το γεγονός π.χ ότι ο Θεμιστοκλής όταν εκδιώχθηκε απο την Αθήνα, πήγε διαδοχικά στην Ήπειρο, Μακεδονία και Περσία, δεν σημαίνει ούτε ότι είναι Ηπειρώτης, ούτε Μακεδόνας και σίγουρα όχι Πέρσης.

Σφάλμα #6 Ο ισχυρισμός ότι "Ο Αλέξανδρος δεν θεωρούσε τον Φίλιππο πατέρα του" ανάγεται στο παράλληλο σύμπαν, ξεχωριστό απο το δικό μας, που δείχνει να ζεί ο συγγραφέας του. Σε όλες τις αρχαίες πηγές, αρχαιολογικά ευρήματα, ο Αλέξανδρος αναφέρεται στον Φίλιππο σαν πατέρα του.

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Η ΕΤΥΜΟΛΟΓΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΛΕΞΗΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ
Το όνομα Αλέξανδρος δεν είναι Ελληνικό για τον απλούστατο λόγο ότι κανένα ιστορικό πρόσωπο της αρχαίας Ελλάδος δεν ονομαζόταν Αλέξανδρος. Το ίδιο ισχύει και για το όνομα Φίλιππος. Πρόκειται για ελληνοποιημένη μορφή άλλου ονόματος με Ινδοευρωπαϊκή/Θρακοϊλλυρική προέλευση που εμπεριέχει την ινδευρωπαϊκή ρίζα ander. Ολοι οι αρχαίοι Ελληνες συγγραφείς χρησιμοποιούσαν ελληνοποιημένα ονόματα για τους ηγεμόνες άλλων κρατών.
Σφάλμα #7 Στο σημείο αυτό φανερώνεται η πλήρη άγνοια του συγγραφέα και η εσκεμμένη παραποίηση ιστορικών γεγονότων.
Ο Συγγραφέας προφανώς αγνοεί τα ακόλουθα ιστορικά πρόσωπα με το όνομα Αλέξανδρος. Απο το www.wikipedia.org

 

Όπως και άλλους γνωστούς αρχαίους Έλληνες με το όνομα Φίλιππος.

Φίλιππος απο την Ακαρνανία (Γιατρός του Μεγ. Αλεξάνδρου)

Φίλιππος απο την πόλη Όπους (αρχ. Λοκρίδα)

Παράλληλα ο συγγραφέας δειχνει να αγνοεί το γεγονός πως τα παραπάνω ονόματα όπως και των υπόλοιπων αρχ. Μακεδόνων ήταν όλα Ελληνικά, χρησιμοποιούμενα κατα κόρον στην Αρχαία Ελλάδα. Εντελώς διαφορετική περίπτωση απο τα Περσικά ονόματα όπως Ξέρξης, Δαρείος Σισύκαμβις, κτλπ τα οποία δεν βρίσκονται καθόλου στον Ελληνικό χώρο, μαρτυρώντας πως πρόκειται για εντελώς ξένα ονόματα.

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Το Μακεδονικό βασίλειο ιδρύθηκε από τον βασιλιά Περδίκα Α΄ (Κάρανο) στα τέλη του 9ου πΧ αιώνα. Οι αρχαίοι Μακεδόνες μιά πολεμοχαρής Ιλλυρική φυλή από την Δαρδανία, εισέβαλε κατακτητικά στα Βαλκάνια και εγκαταστάθηκε στην πεδιάδα της Ημαθίας απωθώντας τους γηγενείς Φρύγες στην Μ. Ασία. Οι Φρύγες, ο αρχαιότερος λαός της ιστορίας σύμφωνα με τον Ηρόδοτο, είχαν εγκατασταθή ειρηνικά μαζί με τους Λύδες στα εδάφη της μετέπειτα Μακεδονίας την 3η χιλιετηρίδα πΧ στο τέλος της μεγάλης Ινδοευρωπαϊκής μετανάστευσης. Η κάθοδος των Μακεδόνων τον 9ο αι. πΧ εγκαινίασε μιά νέα εποχή που τέσσερις αιώνες αργότερα θα άλλαζε την όψη του αρχαίου κόσμο

Σφάλμα #8 Οι αρχαίοι Μακεδόνες δεν είχαν καμία σχέση με τους Ιλλυριούς και ούτε προέρχεται απο την Δαρδανία, όπως μαθαίνουμε απο τις αρχαίες πηγές. Όλες οι ιστορικές πηγές φανερώνουν, η εθνογέννεση των αρχαίων Μακεδόνων να έχει γίνει στην Πίνδο και να σχετίζεται με τους Δωριείς.

Σφάλμα #9 Οι Βρύγες και όχι "Φρύγες" (μετονομάστηκαν Φρύγες μόνο όταν μετακινήθηκαν στην Μ.Ασία) βρίσκονταν στον χώρο της Μακεδονίας απο το ( 1150 - 800 π.χ) και ο πολιτισμός τους ονομάστηκε 'Lausitz Culture' και πιο συγκεκριμένα για την Βαλκανική 'Βρυγικός πολιτισμός' (βλέπε Cambridge Ancient History) . Ο ισχυρισμός για την 3η χιλιετηρίδα πχ είναι απλά γελοίος.

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Οι αρχαίοι Μακεδόνες ήσαν Ινδοευρωπαϊκός λαός συγγενής με τους Ιλλύριους. Αποτελούντο από διάφορες φυλές όπως οι Ορεστιότες (ή Ορέστες) που ζούσαν στην περιοχή μεταξύ Καστοριάς και Κορυτσάς, οι Ληγκηστές στην περιοχή Φλώρινας, οι Δουρίοπες στην περιοχή Κρούσοβο-Πρίλεπ, οι Ελιμιώτες στην περιοχή Κοζάνης-Γρεβενών, οι Τυμφαίοι στην περιοχή Κόνιτσας, οι Μολοσσοί στην περιοχή Ιωαννίνων (Τσαμουριά), οι Εορδαίοι στην περιοχή Πτολεμαϊδας, οι Πίερες στην περιοχή Κατερίνης και οι Βοττιαίοι στην περιοχή Πέλλας

Σφάλμα #10 Οι αρχαίοι Μακεδόνες ήταν Ελληνικό φύλο, και όχι συγγενικό με τους Ιλλυριούς. Οι αυτόχθονες Εορδαίοι, Πιέρες, Βοττιαίοι ήταν Θράκες που εκδιώχθηκαν απο τους Μακεδόνες, χωρίς αυτό να σημαίνει ότι κάποιοι ελάχιστοι απο αυτού παρέμειναν και αποτέλεσαν τμήμα του αρχ. Μακεδονικού κράτους. Οι Μολοσσοί ήταν ακόμα ένα Ελληνικό φύλο και πιο συγκεκριμένα Ηπειρωτικό.

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Ο αρχικός πυρήνας του Μακεδονικού κράτους υπήρξε η Φρυγική πόλη Εδεσσα που μετονομάσθηκε Αιγαί. Το αρχικό Μακεδονικό βασίλειο ονομαζόταν Ημαθία. Η λέξη Ημαθία έχει Ιλλυρική προέλευση. Παράγεται από την λέξη EMadhe που σημαίνει μεγάλη πόλη. Στα τέλη του 5ου πΧ αι. η πρωτεύουσα μεταφέρθηκε στην Ιλλυρική κωμόπολη Βούνομος της Βοττιαίας που μετονομάσθηκε Πέλλα. Η λέξη Πέλλα παράγεται από την Αλβανική λέξη Πέλε που σημαίνει πηγή και κατ' άλλους γριά.

Σφάλμα #11 Η Πέλλα ήταν αρχικά ένας Παιονικός συνοικισμός και όχι Ιλλυρικός, και ακόμα πιο σίγουρα δεν προέρχεται απο την Αλβανική γλώσσα που ακόμα είναι αμφίβολη, η Ιλλυρική της καταγωγή.

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Οι αρχαίοι Μακεδόνες δεν θεωρούσαν τον εαυτό τους Ελληνες. Από τα τέλη του 5ου αι. πΧ η αριστοκρατική τους τάξη άρχισε να μαθαίνει σαν δεύτερη γλώσσα την λεγόμενη Κοινή (Αττική) διάλεκτο. Ωστόσο οι Ελληνες εξακολουθούσαν να θεωρούν τους Μακεδόνες βάρβαρους δηλ. αλλόγλωσσους και να μη δέχονται την κυριαρχία που τους επέβαλε ο βασιλιάς Φίλιππος Β΄ και στην συνέχεια ο γυιός του Αλέξανδρος.

Σφάλμα #12 Οι αρχαίοι Μακεδόνες θεωρούσαν τον εαυτό τους Έλληνες όπως αποδεικνύεται περίτρανα απο τις διασωζόμενες αρχαίες πηγές και αρχαιολογική ευρήματα. Οι αρχαίοι Έλληνες θεωρούσαν τους Μακεδόνες "μέρος της Ελλάδας" (βλέπε Στράβωνα) αλλά πολιτιστικά κατώτερους κυρίως λόγω του θεσμού της Βασιλείας, όπως ακριβώς και άλλες Ελληνικές φυλές (βλέπε Ηπειρωτικές). Οι μοναδικοί που αποκάλεσαν τους Μακεδόνες βασιλείς "βάρβαρους" σαν προσβολή ήταν προκατειλημένοι αντι-Μακεδονικοί πολιτικοί σαν τον Δημοσθένη και τον Θρασύμαχο, στην προσπάθεια τους να δαιμονοποιήσουν τους αντιπάλους τους.

Για περισσότερα μπορείτε να ανατρέξετε στα παρακάτω Links:

Αρχαίες Μακεδονικές μαρτυρίες για την Ελληνική τους καταγωγή.

http://history-of-macedonia.com/wordpress/2007/01/02/ancient-macedonian-testimonies-about-their-ethnicity/

Μαρτυρίες άλλων Αρχαίων Ελλήνων για την Ελληνικότητα των Μακεδόνων.

http://history-of-macedonia.com/wordpress/2007/03/16/ancient-greeks-references-to-macedonians-as-greeks/

Quote:
ΕλληνικάΟ Περδίκας γυιός του Αργαίου επικεφαλής των Μακεστών (Μακεδόνων) μόλις έφθασε στην Ακρόπολη της Εδεσσας προερχόμενος από την άνω Ιλλυρία έκανε θυσία στον ύψιστο (Θεό) Σαβάζ(ι)ον. Στην συνέχεια αφού κυρίευσε την χώραν του Μίδα, τους ξένους Γκρεκούς εξόντωσε αμέσως οργισμένος επειδή βαρύνοντο με ραδιουργίες, ενώ τους γηγενείς Φρύγες άφησε να περιπλανώνται μακρυά, επειδή αυτοί οι δύο λαοί ήσαν ξενόγλωσσοι Από τότε ως γηραιός βασιλέας της Φρυγίας εκμεταλλευόταν την πανάρχαιη αυτή πόλη (Εδεσσα) αφού πρώτα την μετονόμασε σε Αιγαί εμπόδιζοντας τους φυγάδες να επιστρέψουν εκτός από αυτούς που συλλαμβάνοντο αιχμάλωτοι Την μαρμάρινη αυτή επιγραφή χάραξε σε Γκρεκική γλώσσα ο Δρέδας γυιός του Γορδίου σαν χρονικό θλιβερής ανάμνησης.

Σφάλμα #13 Ο όλος ισχυρισμός μαζί και το κείμενο της "επιγραφής" αποτελεί αντικείμενο γέλιου. Αν έπαιρνει κανείς σοβαρά τα όσα, λέει η περιοχή της Μακεδονίας κατοικούνταν απο Φρύγες και Έλληνες ΠΡΙΝ τους Μακεδόνες. Το χοντρό γέλιο πέφτει στον ισχυρισμό για γκρεκική γλώσσα και ότι η επιγραφή είναι χαραγμένη απο τον Δρέδα, υιό του Γόρδιου.

Ο Μίδας, γιος του Γόρδιου έζησε στο τέλος του 8ου αιώνα. Ο Περδίκας ο Α' έζησε 150 χρόνια αργότερα τουλάχιστον. Ο Δρέδας για να παραμένει ακμαίος και ζωντανός 200 χρόνια έπειτα απο τον θάνατο του..πατέρα του και να γράφει και επιγραφές πρέπει να έχει τουλάχιστον ...;υπεράνθρωπες δυνάμεις.


Some Albanians 'discovered' last years the ...;'Albanian ancestry' of Alexander. So every now and then we will witness cheerful Albanians signing in history forums and writing the text below.

Lets analyze the text they made up.

 

Quote:

ALEXANDER THE GREAT WAS ILLYRIAN,

Sir William Woodthorpe Tarn, of the British Academy, regarded worldwide as having written the definitive work on Alexander the Great, states in the opening paragraph of his book "Alexander the Great" that "Alexander certainly had from his father (Philip II) and probably from his mother (Olymbia) Illyrian, i.e. Albanian, blood!"*

Error #1. On the contrary Tarn isnt regarded as "having written the definitive work on Alexander the Great". W.W Tarn wrote his book in 1948. Until then, Alexander's biographies were only a few. Since then lots more better documented biographies about Alexander have been written, we have huge archaeological discoveries (Vergina tombs, Pella Katadesmos, molossian decrees etc) which certainly change perspectives about Alexander and ancient Macedonian history in general. Hence, Tarn's claims are considered from modern historians 'outdated' and non-valid.

 

Quote:

During Rose Wilder Lane's visit to Albania in 1921 resulting in the publication in1923 of her book Peaks of Shala, she heard the following rather extraordinary rendition of Albanian oral history about Alexander the Great from an Albanian elder:
"There was at that time two capitals of the united kingdom of Macedonia. There was Pela, between Salonika and Manastir, and there was Emadhija**, the old capital, lying in the valley which is now Mati (a high, fertile plateau north of Shkodra, near the coast of northern Albania - ED).
"Alexander's father, Filip the Second had great houses in both Pela and Emadhija, and before Lec i Madhe was born, his mother left Pela and came back to the original capital, Emadhija. It was there that Lec i Madhe was born, and there he lived until he was out of the cradle and rode on a horse when he first went down into Pela to see his father who came from the city to meet and see his son for the first time.

Error #2 Rose Wilder Lane was a.. fiction-novel writer. She is totally unrelated with history. The argument 'One Albanian grandpa heard from his own grandpas a folkstory' doesnt stand anywhere in historian community as having anything valid!!!

 

Quote:

"Filip the Second was very proud of his son, and his pride led him to the one great foolishness of a good and wise king. He said that he would make Lec i Madhe king of the world, and that was well enough, but he thought to be king of the world a man must be more learned than he himself. Whereas all old men who have watched the ways of the world know that to be strong and ruthless will make a man powerful, but to be learned makes a man full of dreams and hesitations.

"In his pride and blindness, Filip the Second sent to Greece for an Albanian who had learned the ways of the ancien Greeks, and to that man he gave the boy, to be taught books. (The Albanian's) name was Aristotle, and he came from a family of the tribe of Ajeropi, his father having gone to a village in Macedonia and became a merchant there. Being rich, he sent his son, who was fond of thought rather than of action, to learn the ancient Greek ways of thinking. And it was this man who was brought by Filip the Second to teach his son."***

Error #3. Aristoteles was son of Nicomachos and Phaestis. Nicomachos was the court physician of Amyntas III, king of Macedonia, father of Philip II and grandfather of Alexander the Great. The family of Nicomachos traced its descent from Asclepieus. Aristoteles' mother, Phaestis came from a Chalcidean family also associated with the Ascleipiadae in Chalcis on Euboea, where she owned an ancestral estate. (Dionys. De Demosth. et Arist. 5) Aristoteles lost his father before he had attained his 17th year and he was intrusted to the guardianship of one Proxenus of Atarneus who was settled in Stagira. When he reached his 17th, Aristoteles went to Athens where he became a pupil of Plato.

Now back to his birthplace Stageira. Stageira was an ancient greek city that was founded by settlers coming from Chalkis and Andros hence the ancestry of Aristoteles from Chalkis. Albanians' claims about Aristotle should be taken only as a bad-tasted joke!

 

Quote:

P 1, ALEXANDER THE GREAT, W.W. Tarn, Beacon Press, Boston, 1956
"Emadhija" means in Albanian "the great city"
PP 184, 186, 187, PEAKS OF SHALA, Rose Wilder Lane.Harper Brothers & Publishers, New York & London, 1923
Other nationalities , of course, have long laid claim to Alexander the Great as one of their own - most notably the Macedonians and the Greeks. However, as cited so authoritatively in the opening paragraph of Tarn's book, Alexander the Great can be rightfully identified as an Albanian.

Error #4 Tarn's book was written in 1948. The first reprint was in 1956.

To quote an historian's view about Tarn.

'Tarn is, of course, great. But he's only for experienced Alexander-explorers. Many of his facts and virtually all of his interpretation is now either overturned or in serious doubt. At this point, he's more useful as an example of what can go wrong in the study of Alexander-and history generally-and for his writing than for the content itself.

 

Quote:

source
__________________________________________________ _________________________________________________
"Demosthenes (384-322) called him a 'barbarian', a non-Greek speaker ...;
Phillip the Great was perfectly capable of conversing in standard Greek, even though the local Macedonian dialect was so interladed with non-Greek (esp. Illyrian) linguistic forms that it would be unintelligible to standard Greek speakers."

Error #5 Here is the the reply of the eminent historian about Macedonian history R. M.Errington.

"Ancient allegations that the Macedonians were non-Greeks all had their origin in Athens at the time of the struggle with Philip II. Then as now, political struggle created the prejudice. The orator Aeschines once even found it necessary, in order to counteract the prejudice vigorously fomented by his opponents, to defend Philip on this issue and describe him at a meeting of the Athenian Popular Assembly as being 'Entirely Greek'. Demosthenes' allegations were lent on appearance of credibility by the fact, apparent to every observer, that the life-style of the Macedonians, being determined by specific geographical and historical conditions, was different from that of a Greek city-state. This alien way of life was, however, common to western Greeks of Epiros, Akarnania and Aitolia, as well as to the Macedonians, and their fundamental Greek nationality was never doubted. Only as a consequence of the political disagreement with Macedonia was the issue raised at all."

Malcolm Errington, 'A History of Macedonia'
University of California Press, February 1993, pg 3

 

Quote:

He wasn't allowed to attend olympics for a whole week because he was a barbarian, and the Greek law was that only Greeks can attend the Olympics.
Book: Alexander the Great
Author: Ulrich Wilcken

Error #6 Unfortunately for Albanian propagandists, their habbit of taking text out of context so that they 'make up' a story is shattered if someone has read the sources they provide.

'Accidentaly' Albanian propagandists forget to include also the conclusions of Ulrich Wilcken's book which are:

"The beginnings of Macedonian history are shrouded in complete darkness. There is a keen controversy on the ethnological problem, whether the Macedonians were Greeks or not. Linguistic science has at its disposal a very limited quantity of Macedonian words, and the archaeological exploration has hardly begun. And yet when we take into account the political conditions, religion and morals of the Macedonians, our conviction is strengthened that they WERE A GREEK RACE AND AKIN TO THE DORIANS."

"A strong Illyrian and Thracian influence can thus be recognized in
Macedonian speech and manners. These however are only TRIFLES compared with the GREEK character of the Macedonian nationality; for example, the names of the true full-blooded Macedonians, especially of the princes and nobles, are purely Greek in their formation and sounds. Above all, the FUNDAMENTAL features of Macedonian political institutions are NOT ONLY GREEK but primitive GREEK
"


New Albanian "Proofs" about the ...; Albanian origins of Alexander exposed

Quote:

There are few places where Alexander the Great's influence has not been felt. His vast empire spread from the Atlantic shores of Spain to the plains of India. His example has been admired and followed for generations to come, and his legacy has been deeply felt by the entire world. It is said that Julius Ceaser himself began to weep as he stood under the shadow of a statue of Alexander the Great, for Alexander had conquered half the world by 19, and Ceaser not even made a name for himself by that age.
And how was he Albanian in any way? Well, first of all Alexander was son of Philip II and Olympia. Olympia, was the princess of Epirus, a province in Northern Greece, considered to be modern day Albania, and an ancient territory of Albanian tribes. This relation of Alexander having Albanian blood is considered somewhat feasible and acceptable by the history books, but we want to stretch out the enigma of Alexander.
Initially there is the question of where and to what people Alexander belonged to. It is known that Alexander the Great, was really Alexander of Macedon, and the current flag of Macedonia is the ancient sun flag of Alexander's army. This seems reasonable, but what really were the "Macedon" people. As stated in the Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, "the Slavs, occupied much of the area [Balkans] by the 6th century AD", so it cannot be possible for the now largely Slavic Macedonia to be a descendant from Alexander the Great. Slavic tribes did not come into the region of Northern Greece until well after Alexander's death, which leaves only two people left, the Albanians and the Greeks. It is important tot note that the history books have not labeled Alexander Greek, and therefore he can only be Albanian. Albanian tribes are the earliest known to occupy northern Greece, and that allows Alexander only one nationality. Alexander did not have Albanian blood, he was an Albanian. To Albanians this fact seems very clear, for we have named our currency lek, after Leka I Madh.
The Barbaric war style of the Illyrians was deeply rooted in Alexander's spirit, which is good reason for his expertise as a general and a conqueror.
More proof of Alexander's Albanian ancestry would have to be the close relations he had with the King of the Illyrians, practically a man of his own kin. There is an ancient legend that the Illyrian king gave Alexander a large, beastly, dog to commemorate his achievements. The beast was so ferocious, Alexander decided to make it hunt bears. The dog showed no interest in this endeavor and lay lazily without moving. This angered Alexander and he had the dog killed. When the king of the Illyrians heard of this he sent him another dog, this time with a message of "not wasting the dog's time with small things". This time Alexander had the dog fight a lion, which the dog quickly broke the back of, and then an Elephant, who the dog forced off a cliff. The extensive diplomacy between Alexander and the Illyrians only suggests that Alexander was an Albanian himself.
Also, there is the conquered territory of Alexander. When looking at a map of his advances, oddly enough Illirium and Northern Greece is not touched by his armies. Yet, the Illyrian and Northern Greek tribes did not have armies capable of facing the Great Alexander. But Alexander considered them as one, they were all Albanian. Alexander could not possibly conquer his own land. That is why this area remained untouched.
Accepting Alexander's Albanian ancestry opens a vast world of possibilities. There is of course the long Ptolemy dynasty of Egypt that followed after Alexander's death, started by one of Alexander's generals and childhood friend. Accepting Alexander as an Albanian, would mean accepting a big part of Egypt's history to be determined by an Albanian dynasty, that of Ptolemy.
Alexander's genius and accomplishments opened a great chapter in the history of Albania. A chapter that has never been forgotten.Sources:
1. Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia Deluxe © 1999 The Learning Company, Inc. "Alexander the Great"
2. Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia Deluxe © 1999 The Learning Company, Inc. "The Slavs"
3. "The History of the Boerboel in South Africa" <http://www.sabt.co.za/page2.htm>

Lie #1 "for Alexander had conquered half the world by 19, and Ceaser not even made a name for himself by that age. "

Alexander by 19 was not even king of Macedonia. For the sake of materiality Philip was assasinated in 336 BC and Alexander was at the time 20.

Lie #2 "And how was he Albanian in any way? Well, first of all Alexander was son of Philip II and Olympia. Olympia, was the princess of Epirus, a province in Northern Greece, considered to be modern day Albania, and an ancient territory of Albanian tribes. "

Ancient Epirus is considered to be today a part of modern Greece and modern Albania. The rest is undiluted gibberish.

Lie #3 "This relation of Alexander having Albanian blood is considered somewhat feasible and acceptable by the history books,"

If he refers to Albanian history books maybe he is right. For the Historical books of serious historians this is just entirely absurb.

Lie #4 "It is known that Alexander the Great, was really Alexander of Macedon, and the current flag of Macedonia is the ancient sun flag of Alexander's army. "

More unsubstantiated lies ...;Alexander's army hadnt got any flag. The so-called Sunburst of Vergina is currently considered as symbol of Macedonian royal house.

Lie #5 "It is important tot note that the history books have not labeled Alexander Greek, and therefore he can only be Albanian."

Its important to know this author is a clown since he didnt even cared to read any ancient source.

Just two of them.

In his letter to the king of the Persians:

Quote:

Your ancestors invaded Macedonia and the rest of Greece and did US great harm, though WE had done them no prior injury [ ...;] I have been appointed hegemon of the Greeks [ ...;]

(Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander II,14,4)


Quote:

...; ...; ...; ...; ...;There are Greek troops, to be sure, in Persian service -
but how different is their cause from ours ! They will be fighting for
pay and not much of it at that; WE on the contrary shall fight for
GREECE, and our hearts will be in it.
As for our FOREIGN troops
Thracians, Paeonians, Illyrians,
Agrianes they are the best and stoutest soldiers of Europe, and they will find as their opponents the slackest and softest of the tribes of
Asia.

Arrian (The Campaigns of Alexander) Alexander talking to the troops before the battle. Book 2-7 Penguin Classics. Page 112. Translation by Aubrey De Seliucourt.

Notice his use of 'FOREIGN' about Illyrians!

Any ancient source identifying him as ...;Albanian? LMAO

Lie #6 "Albanian tribes are the earliest known to occupy northern Greece, and that allows Alexander only one nationality. Alexander did not have Albanian blood, he was an Albanian. To Albanians this fact seems very clear, for we have named our currency lek, after Leka I Madh."

Of course it would seem to Albanians very clear, since they are suffering from CLUE DEFICIT DISORDER. There arent any ancient sources claiming of "Albanian tribes to occupy Northern Greece". Perhaps the author should sue his brain for non-support.

Lie #7 "The Barbaric war style of the Illyrians was deeply rooted in Alexander's spirit, which is good reason for his expertise as a general and a conqueror."

As war style You mean the ...;Phalanx?

Lie #8 "More proof of Alexander's Albanian ancestry would have to be the close relations he had with the King of the Illyrians, practically a man of his own kin."

So following this moronic Albanian logic, should we also assume Just because Philip had close relations with Thebes that must mean he is a..Theban?

Lie #9 "There is an ancient legend that the Illyrian king gave Alexander a large, beastly, dog to commemorate his achievements. The beast was so ferocious, Alexander decided to make it hunt bears. The dog showed no interest in this endeavor and lay lazily without moving. This angered Alexander and he had the dog killed. When the king of the Illyrians heard of this he sent him another dog, this time with a message of "not wasting the dog's time with small things"."

Lie #10 "Also, there is the conquered territory of Alexander. When looking at a map of his advances, oddly enough Illirium and Northern Greece is not touched by his armies. Yet, the Illyrian and Northern Greek tribes did not have armies capable of facing the Great Alexander."

Has this lascivious yokel ever heard of Alexander's campaign against Ilyrians? Or even worst for him the campaigns of Philip II against Illyrians?? Or maybe for him Bardyllis' thousands dead troops commited ...;mass suicide lol.

"Sources:
1. Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia Deluxe © 1999 The Learning Company, Inc. "Alexander the Great"
2. Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia Deluxe © 1999 The Learning Company, Inc. "The Slavs"
3. "The History of the Boerboel in South Africa
" "

So leaving out Compton's Encyclopedia where it says nowhere Alexander is Albanian, this leaves us the totally unrelated to the subject "History of the ...; Boerboel in South Africa".

Sounds like our jester couldnt even find a single historical source to support his illusions.

SEE ALSO: Albanian propaganda - Alexander the Albanian Part II

Albanian propaganda - Alexander the Albanian Part III


This is in response of the new Albanian claims found on - Alexander the Great is Illyrian?.

1. 'Women Warriors (P): A History' By David E. Jones

Firstly we should note David E. Jones is a cultural anthropologist as himself says therefore he has nothing to do with history. Anyway the quote Albanians used "In the land of Illyria (present-day Albania), home of Philip's first wife Eurydice" doesnt reveal anywhere any connection between Alexander and Albanians. Its well-known except obviously to Albanians that Alexander's mother was Olympias, not Eurydice/Audata.

The fact that David E. Jones lacks historical knowledge is shown in the paragraph prior to the selected quote where he stats :

"The wife of Alexander the Great, queen Cratisepolis of Sicyon, fought beside her husband.."

Cratisepolis was actually wife of Alexander, son of Polysperchon, not Alexander the great.

2. "The ancient World" by Joseph Ward Swain

The selected quote "Alexander's mother, Olympias was the daughter of an Epirote chieftain ruling in what is now Albania" doesnt prove anything else than ancient Epirotes who were non-Illyrians ruled also a part of what is modern Albania. Again nothing to prove Alexander was "Albanian".

3. "Hellenic history" by By Charles Alexander Robinson, George Willis Botsford

The selected quote proves actually as it say itself "he was of Greek descent". The claim "from both parents he had some Illyrian (albanian) blood" is easily refuted as the book was published in 1948, therefore the author/s were not aware of the newest discoveries (ie Molossian decrees) that proved undoubtedly the Greek origin of Molossians (epirote)

4. Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History by Sarah B. Pomeroy

The selected quote points out a blanket claim about Eurydice being "Illyrian" while there is even today an ongoing discussion about the origins of Eurydice. The foremost authority in ancient Epirote and Macedonian history NGL Hammond dismisses the "Illyrian" origin of Eurydice as ficticious. Again no evidence of the so-called Illyrian origin of Alexander.

5. The Journal of Race Development by George H. Blakeslee and G. Stanley Hall.

For starters Blakeslee wasnt related with ancient history and his personal opinion has been refuted by world's authorities in ancient Macedonian history since noone shares his beliefs.

6. Greek Leaders By Leslie White Hopkinson

Its at least Ironic for Albanians to bring as "evidence" this book where its obvious even by its title Alexander is considered a Greek Leader. However again there is no evidence associating Olympias with ...;albanians that at the time werent existing even in the region.

7. Albania: Eye of the Balkan Vortex By Lou Giaffo

Lou Giaffo, an Albanian himself isnt considered anything related to "unbiased neutral source" as also his desperate attempts show, therefore his input is totally worthless.

8. The Burden of the Balkans By Mary Edith Durham

Mary Edith Durham isnt related with History but she is a traveller. Her books are good only for coffee table discussions but not history. Still no credible historical source that points out an 'Albanian' origin of Alexander.

9. "Researches in the Highlands of Turkey: Including Visits to Mounts Ida, Athos, Olympus, and Pelion, to the Mirdite Albanians and Other Remote Tribes" By Henry Fanshawe Tozer

Again the Albanian nationalists bring as somewhat "evidence" of their allegations, a geographer/traveller NOT an historian. It seems the lack of finding sources among historical community brings these miserable attempts.

10. Childe Harold, ed. by H.F. Tozer

Same as above. Tozer as non-expert in history but in geography isnt considered today as a credible source.

11. Alexander the Great: the meeting of East and West in world government and brotherhood By Charles Alexander
Robinson

Same as #3.

12. "Albanian Identities: Myth and History" By Fischer

Its at least amusing albanians nationalists to quote ...;inside the books of Fischer the chapter of "the myths of Albanian nationality" where actually Fischer writes down the illusions of Albanian nationalists in the first quarter of the previous century.

13. "Myths and Realities in Eastern Europe" By Walter Kolarz

Walter Kolarz is another classic example of non-historian that Albanian nationalists use as somekind of credible source.

14. The Battles That Changed History By Fletcher Pratt

In reality W.W. Tarn is the only historian related to ancient history so far but still he lived and published his books in the first half of the previous century therefore hadnt got the chance to be aware of the newest archaeologic evidences (ie Vergina tombs) that changed dramatically the views over Alexander and ancient Macedonians as a whole. His ideas and theories are considered somewhat outdated.

15. Macedonia and Greece: The Struggle to Define a New Balkan Nation By John Shea

John Shea according to his own statements is considered an extremely biased pro-skopjan source, unrelated to history therefore non-credible. For more about him visit John Shea exposed

16. Black Lamb and Grey Falcon: A Journey Through Yugoslavia By Rebecca West

Its at least comical to bring as 'evidence' the English-Irish feminist writer of fiction novels, Rebecca West. Someone must be really desperate.

17. Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great By Albert Brian Bosworth

At last an historian!!! The problem with the Albanian nationalists is that nowhere A. Bosworth says anything about an "Albanian" origin of Alexander. Better next time read what you bring in table.

For more about Bosworth views on Alexander and Macedonians visit
HistoryofMacedonia Blog - Bosworth

18. Alexander the Great By Lewis Vance Cummings

As previously stated there is an ongoing discussion about the origins of Eurydice of Lyncestis. Even if in any case it had any truth in it, having your grandmother an 'Illyrian' doesnt make you an Albanian. Its interesting to note though Cummings contradicts Albanian nationalistic claims and verifies Olympias was Greek.

HistoryOfMacedonia Blog - Cummings

19. The Incredible Balkans by Konrad Bercovici

Another example of non-historian that our nationalist Albanian friends attempt to give credit. Anyway we still find speculations in the text taken out of context like "probably" and "is said".

20. The Albanians: An Ethnic History from Prehistoric Times to the Present By Edwin E. Jacques

The missionary Edwin E. Jacques isnt only an historian but his utterings are in reality considered a joke into scientific community while the only people in this planet seeming to take him seriously are albanian nationalists.

More about Jacques the new idol of Albanian nationalism

21.Alexander the Great's Art of Strategy: The Timeless Leadership Lessons of History's Greatest Empire Builder

Someone would immediately ask what does a book about finance and business has got to do with accurate history?? The answer lies to the fact that since no credible historian supports albanian outrageous claims they could bring up even the milkman of their neighbourhood if he had a statemen supporting them.

22. Are Leaders Born Or Are They Made?: The Case of Alexander the Great By Manfred F. R. Kets de Vries

Again not an historian. Eventhough i dont see what albanians actually want to prove with this quote. Following that logic Alexander is a Greek because ancient Macedonia lies to modern Greece.

23. Macedonia: The Politics of Identity and Difference By Jane K. Cowan

Jane K. Cowan isnt an historian specialized in ancient history. Anyway the truthfullness of albanian nationalistic parties claims makes as much sense as the validity of modern Fyrom's parties claims.

24. The nations of Russia and Turkey and their destiny By Ivan Gavrilovich Golovin

Ivan Gavrilovich Golovin is ANOTHER example of non-historian our friends use without shame.

25. The History of Rome By Thomas Arnold

So? Everybody knows Olympias in an Epirote princess. Ironically Thomas Arnold is one of the few historians being used here but more ironically same with the other historians previously he doesnt share Albanian nationalist claims.

26. Greek Horizons By Helen Day Hill Miller

So????

27. The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal By Sydney Smith

Sydney Smith AGAIN is a non-historian.

Conclusion:

From the 27 'sources' albanian nationalist brought only 5 of them are actually coming from historians.

From those 5, Albert Brian Bosworth says nowhere anything about 'Albanian' origins or sth like that, Lewis Vance Cummings contradicts Albanian claims and verifies Olympias was a Greek princess, Thomas Arnold says nothing about Albanians, Charles Alexander Robinson says "he was of Greek descent" but since he wrote in 1948 he couldnt have been aware of the newest discoveries (ie Molossian decrees) that proved undoubtedly the Greek origin of Molossians (epirote) and lastly Sarah B. Pomeroy is an historian who just supports the view Alexander's grandmother was probably Illyrian.

So in reality Albanians have exactly noone in the historical community to support their absurb claims Alexander was "Albanian".


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